The greatest blessing Allaah has bestowed upon this nation is that He sent to them His noble Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) to guide to everything beneficial, during his lifetime an in the future, and to warn them from every harmful thing in this life and in the hereafter.
He (peace be upon him) grew up from his beginning to his last moments adorning himself with every noble characteristic and staying far away from every blameworthy description. He was the most knowledgeable amongst the people and the best of them in giving advice.
If an example was to be used by the people regarding trustworthiness, truthfulness and chasteness, he would be the [example] to mention.
In short, every praiseworthy quality that is befitting for mankind, he (peace be upon him) had the biggest portion of it and the most complete share. He was the furthest and far removed of them from every blameworthy characteristic – and this is what both friend and foe testified to.
[Q]: May Allaah bestow favours upon you. The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) has been insulted repeatedly in recent times by way of films and in newspapers and other than those media. The question is: What is the Sharee’ah legislated position with regards to these offenses? And following on from that, he says: And what is the ruling on expressing anger at the insults against the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) by way of protests and demonstrations?
[A]: O brothers! This is not something new. In the time of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi sallam) they said that he was a magician, a liar, a soothsayer, a poet and other than that. And the Messenger (’alayhis-salaatu was-salaam) remained patient and he did not act hastily and Allaah commanded him with patience.
“And be patient over what they say and avoid them with gracious avoidance.” [Sooratul-Muzzammil 73:10]
He (’alayhis-salaatu was-salaam) would hear them, but he would remain patient with the command of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic.
“And We already know that your breast is constrained by what they say. So exalt Allaah with praise of your Lord and be of those who prostrate to Him. And worship your Lord until there comes to you the certainty (death).” [Sooratul-Hijr 15:97]
So he remained patient and he prohibited his Companions from taking revenge on his behalf from anyone during their days in Makkah. He prohibited them from such acts, because if they had exacted revenge from the polytheists, this would have surely halted the spread of Islaam in Makkah and it would have halted the da’wah in its infancy. So when they had migrated and found the Ansaar (helpers), then at that point Allaah commanded him with Jihaad against the polytheists, with the Sharee’ah legislated Jihaad. As for protests and demonstrations, and destruction and sabotage and killing innocent people and killing those who are living under the security and protection of the Muslims, then this is treachery and it is not permissible. And it is not permissible to kill innocent people even if they are disbelievers. It is not permissible.
“And do not let the hatred of a people for having obstructed you from al-Masjid al-Haraam lead you to transgress.” [Sooratul-Maa‘idah 5:2]
It is not permissible to commit any aggression against an innocent person.
“And no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another.” [Sooratuz-Zumar 39:7]
“And if any one of the polytheists seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the words of Allaah. Then deliver him to his place of safety.” [Sooratut-Tawbah 9:6]
The messengers of the polytheists would come to the Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) to negotiate. They would enter upon him (’alayhis-salaatu was-salaam) even in his mosque and they would negotiate with him, even though they were polytheists and disbelievers. However, it was necessary for them to know that Islaam is not a religion of anger and a religion of revenge. It is only a Religion of guidance and mercy and kindness, as was exemplified by the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). And what was the result? The result was that Allaah granted victory to His Messenger and strengthened the Religion. And some of those who used to mock the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) became leaders in Islaam and they strove in the Path of Allaah. They accepted Islaam and they excelled in their Islaam because the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was patient and mild and kind with them, up until they began to love him, as Allaah the Sublime and Exalted said,
“And indeed, you are of a great moral character.” [Sooratul-Qalam 68:4]
This was the moral character of the Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). When the disbelievers committed these acts, they wanted to stir up strife so that they could say, “Look at the behaviour of the Muslims, they kill the mediators and destroy the houses and demolish the buildings. This is the Religion of Islaam.” This is how the disbelievers desire to cause outrage amongst the Muslims, through the behaviour of ignorant Muslims, through the behaviour of ignorant people or through infiltrators amongst them. So it is not permissible to rush into these affairs.
“And certainly were messengers denied before you, but they were patient over the effects of denial, and they were harmed until Our victory came to them. And none can alter the words of Allaah. And there has certainly come to you some information about the previous messengers.” [Sooratul-An’aam 6:34]
Such is the guidance of Islaam in these affairs: kindness, deliberateness, patience and not rushing into things. So the polytheists want to exploit these affairs through what has occurred from some of the Muslims in terms of haughtiness, destruction and killing up until the Muslims apparently starting killing amongst themselves, they killed the Muslim police. This is what the disbelievers want. Yes.
“And remember Ayyoob, when he cried to his Lord: Verily distress has seized me, and You are the Most Merciful of all those who show mercy. So We answered his call, and We removed the distress that was on him, and We restored his family to him and the like thereof along with them, as a mercy from Ourselves and a reminder for all who worships Us.” [Soorah al-Anbiyaa‘ 21:83-84]
“Meaning, remember Our slave and Messenger Ayyoob (’alayhis-salaam), praising him and revering him, (and) raising his station, when (Allaah) tested him with a severe test and thus found him remaining patient, being pleased with Him. (What occurred) is that Shaytaan had gained strength over his body as a trial and test from Allah. He (Shaytaan) blew into his body so he became full of ulcers. He remained this way a long period, and his ailment worsened and his family died and he lost his wealth. So he cried out to his Lord:
“Verily, distress has seized me, and You are the Most Merciful of all those who show mercy.”
So he sought a means of nearness to Allaah (with supplication) by mentioning his condition, and that affliction has seized him greatly. And due to the expansive and vast mercy of his Lord, Allaah answered him and said,
“Strike the ground with your foot. This is (a spring of) water to wash in, cool and a (refreshing) drink.” [Soorah Saad 38:42]
So he struck (the ground) with his foot and a cold spring gushed forth, so he washed therefrom and drank, so Allah cured him of his ailments.
“…and We restored his family to him…”
Meaning, We returned to him his family and his wealth.
“…and the like thereof…“
(Meaning), that Allaah bestowed upon him well-being, also an abundance of family and wealth.
“…as a mercy from Ourselves…”
(Meaning) upon him due to him having patience and being pleased (with what Allaah decreed), so Allaah gave him an immediate reward before the reward of the Hereafter.
“…and a reminder for all who worship Us…”
Meaning, We have made it an admonition for the worshippers who benefit from practicing patience. If they look to the distress that afflicted Ayyoob (’alayhis-salaam) then how (Allaah) rewarded him after it left him, and (if) they look at the reason behind that, they will find that it was (because) of his patience. Due to this, Allaah praised his mention because of it in His statement,
“Truly, We found him patient. How excellent a slave! Verily he was ever oft-returning in repentance (to us).” [Soorah Saad 38:44]
So He made him an example (for the slaves) when calamities befall them.” 
Endnotes: : Taken from Tayseer al-Kareem ar-Rahmaan (p. 613-614) of Imaam as-Sa’dee.
Translated by Abu Suhayl Anwar Wright, 19th of Ramadaan, 1435H