Advice of al-’Allaamah Zayd Ibn Muhammad al-Madkhalee to One of His Sons

Collected Writings of Shaykh Zayd al-Madkhalee

With the Name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

To the honorable, Abee Haatim ’Alee Ibn Zayd al-Madkhalee – may Allaah guide him to that which He is pleased with.

May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allaah be upon you…

After the greeting:

I pray that you remain upon the guidance and the right way in terms of knowledge and action throughout life and after death.  My advice to myself and to you is: Continue reading “Advice of al-’Allaamah Zayd Ibn Muhammad al-Madkhalee to One of His Sons”

The Path to Salvation and Holding Fast to the Straight Path – Al-’Allaamah Rabee’ Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee

The Quintessential Gathered Advices and Instructions of ash-Shaykh Rabee’ to the Youth

So Allaah the Blessed and Exalted sent Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) with the guidance and the truth and the Religion of truth in order to make it manifest over all other Religions, though the polytheists may detest it.

And this Ummah has been commanded to obey this Messenger and to follow him and to hold onto whatever he came with from knowledge and guidance.  So when we say to the people, ‘Strive upon the Salafee manhaj,’ then we are enjoining upon them to hold onto the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and whatever the Companions (radiyallaahu ’anhum) of the Messenger of Allaah were upon. Continue reading “The Path to Salvation and Holding Fast to the Straight Path – Al-’Allaamah Rabee’ Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee”

Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee on the Reality of Daesh (ISIS)

Questioner: May Allah show goodness towards you; There has been an abundant of criticism on what has been known as Daesh, and all praises belong to Allah. However, the problem is that the majority of people in this time do not know their origin and they do not know their sources, and who they separated from. Rather, you find some who attribute them, meaning those who bomb and blow up things, they attribute to them that they are merely youth, or that they have (peer) pressure (from others), or it is because of unemployment, or magic (has been placed on them), and they say other than that, so what do you advise regarding this, may Allah preserve you.

Answer: Daesh, and what will make you know who are Daesh?! Daesh is an acronym. Some say (the acronym) is like the language of engraving, just as the ant engraves within a seed until it becomes hollow and empty. So this is the language of engraving. Daesh named themselves, and they formed for themselves this acronym, this abbreviated nickname, and it befits them. They call themselves al Dawlah al Islamiyyah Fi al Iraq wa Sham (i.e. Islamic State in Iraq and Sham). So they took the letter Daal د from the word al-Dawlah, and the letter Alif after the Daal, دا stands for Islamiyyah, and the letter Ain داع stands for Iraq , and the letter Sheen stands for Sham. So it was called as an acronym داعش Daesh, meaning al-Dawlah al-Islamiyyah Fi al-Iraq wa Sham; but they have absolutely nothing to do with Islam, and Islam is free from them. Continue reading “Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee on the Reality of Daesh (ISIS)”

Prophetic Guidelines for Protection And Safety from Trials and Misguidance – al-’Allaamah Rabee’ Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee

lubaabbookIndeed, I advise myself and you with the taqwaa [1] of Allaah and ikhlaas (sincerity) [2] to Him and steadfastness upon the truth and holding fast to the Book and the Sunnah and that which the Salafus-Saalih were upon in terms of beliefs, acts of worship, manhaj (methodology) and moral character. I counsel you with these matters and advise that you give them the utmost importance.  You must direct your attention to them and form the mutual bonds of brotherhood amongst yourselves and you must inculcate mutual love amongst yourselves.  You must utilize the causes the mutual love, affection and unity and you must distance yourselves from stirring up trials and dilemmas.  And you must distance yourselves from the causes of disagreement amongst yourselves.  So such causes are many, so avoid them. Continue reading “Prophetic Guidelines for Protection And Safety from Trials and Misguidance – al-’Allaamah Rabee’ Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee”

Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee: You Want to Save Him, But He wants to Revile You by Saying: You Have Nothing but Refutations!

The Noble Scholar, al-’Allaamah Muhammad Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee – hafidhahullaah – said,

ibnhadi

“So this is the obligation upon us with regards to him.  Whenever he refutes to clarify the error and to decrease the numbers of those who fall into it and to have mercy upon the one who has erred so that no one else will follow him in that error, then his right upon us is that we honour him, not that we revile him for it.

Now the opposite occurs in these days.  The refutations are not widely spread amongst many of the people!  Instead, war is waged against the correct Sharee’ah legislated refutations, which clarify the truth and guide the creation to the command of Allaah the Blessed and Most High!  ‘They do not have anything but refutations, refutations, refutations, refutations, refutations,’ they give utterance to this speech!!

And they do not realize that these refutations:

  • Safeguard the Religion of Allaah;
  • Protect the creation of Allaah.

So the Religion of Allaah is safeguarded from distortion, and the creation of Allaah are protected from falling into what?  Into the tahreef (distortion) of the corrupt individuals and into the blunders and into following the swindlers.

So if these people (i.e. who criticize the refutations) knew the reality: the advantages and benefits that result from the refutations, they would not utter such speech.

Due to this, the people who have the largest share in this topic are the Scholars.  Due to that, they have carried out this obligation by themselves with the best undertaking.  So you will find their refutations upon the people of error, falsehood and desire from the earliest days and they have books written in that regard.

Rather, many of the books of ’aqeedah (creed) authored by Ahlus-Sunnah were only written due to the deviation of the people of innovation.  So there was a need to clarify the Sunan in all of these issues and positions and to refute whosoever opposed them.

The Difference Between Sincere Advice and Revilement - al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee (d.795H)
The Difference Between Sincere Advice and Revilement – al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee (d.795H)

Therefore, the right of these people who write Sharee’ah legislated refutations is that they be honoured, respected and venerated, not that they be reviled.  So they have acted charitably towards us by safeguarding for us our Religion and safeguarding us, but we have acted in an evil manner towards them by reviling them and defacing their images and reputations and by running the people away from them.  So this, by Allaah is an unjust recompense.  So the likes of him and the likes of you are as the speaker said, “I want him to live, but he wants me to be killed.”

So you want for him to be safe from falling into deviation and going astray, but he wants to fight you by reviling you amongst the people and defacing your reputation and running the people away from you by saying, “They have nothing but refutations!”  It is as if refutations are now thought of as unfounded and disgraced!  We ask Allaah for protection and safety.” [1]

Notes:

[1]: Taken from the fourth lesson of Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Haadee’s explanation of the book, al-Farq baynan-Naseehah wat-Ta’yeer, of Ibn Rajab (d.795H), which was part of the sessions conducted at the eleventh religious seminar held at the ’Utbah Ibn Ghazwaan mosque in Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Translation by Maaz Qureshi

Shaykh Rabee’ Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee on Affiliating with as-Salafiyyah

The Quintessential Gathered Advices and Instructions of ash-Shaykh Rabee' to the Youth
The Quintessential Gathered Advices and Instructions of ash-Shaykh Rabee’ to the Youth

[Q]: Noble Shaykh, is it sufficient for the one who follows the Sunnah to just call his self a Muslim or must he add to that another name, meaning Salafee?

[A]: Why are not the likes of these questions asked all the time regarding being Ash’aree for example or Maatureedee or Teejaanee or Marghanee or Naqshabandee or Sahrawardee; you find hundreds of paths (of deviation and misguidance) and there is never a problem with that. The reason is, it is as if these are correct with these people and there is no objection to them. The apparent from the one on all these misguided paths is that he is a Muslim (as well) and there is never an objection (to these names). It is as if they see it to be correct and there is never any objection, except with the word: Ahlul-Hadeeth, except with Salafiyyeen.

Ok, what do the words Teejaanee, Naqshabandee or Sahrawardee entail? They entail Hulool and Wahdatul-Wujood (belief that Allaah enters His creation and that Allah becomes one with His creation) and they entail Shirk, kufr (disbelief) and various types of misguidance. As for the word Salafee, what does it entail?

Put the words to the side (for a minute), what is important now is the meanings. What does the word Salafiyyah and Ahlul-Hadeeth entail; do they carry and falsehood?

I ask you all now and you are in front of me, the People of Hadeeth, do you find that they carry any falsehood or call to falsehood? So long as this reality is correct (i.e. that Salafiyyah and Ahlul-Hadeeth do not entail falsehood) then the word is correct and there is no disputing in regards to the words.

However, these (who dispute that) are the people of  fitnah (trial, tribulation) and the people who stir up trouble and they only seek to cause trouble upon the truth that this word carries. So know the plots and attacks of the people of fitnah and innovation and continue upon using the word Ahlul-Hadeeth and Salafiyyeen because they are the truth.

Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) said that it is incumbent to affiliate with Salafiyyah. If you affiliate with Salafiyyah you do not affiliate with a specific person or the methodology of a specific person and you are not affiliating with innovations, rather (by this) you only affiliate with the Companions and the virtuous generations who were upon guidance by the testimony of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam),

“The best of the people is my generation then those who follow them and then those who follow them. Then there will come after them a people who will give testimony when not asked to do so, and they will vow but not fulfill it and obesity will become abundant in them.” [1]

So therefore you affiliate with these generations in which the Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) testified to their goodness. Rather, Allaah testified to their goodness,

You are the best nation to be raised up from Mankind, you command the good and forbid the evil.” [Soorah Aali-’Imraan 3:110] [2]

Endnotes:

[1]: Saheeh: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 4657), at-Tirmidhee (no. 2222) and Ahmad in al-Musnad (no. 19405).  It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Silsilatus-Saheehah (no. 1845).

[2]: Refer to al-Lubaab (p. 102-103) of Rabee’ al-Madkhalee.

Translation by Abu Suhayl Anwar Wright

Appointing a Person as an Amir and Returning to Him When Differing Occurs – al-‘Allaamah Rabee’ Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee

The Quintessential Gathered Advices and Instructions of ash-Shaykh Rabee' to the Youth
The Quintessential Gathered Advices and Instructions of ash-Shaykh Rabee’ to the Youth

Appointing a Person as an Amir and Returning to Him When Differing Occurs – The noble Scholar, al-‘Allaamah Rabee’ Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee was asked about a group of people who come together for the purpose of da’wah and appoint an Amir (leader) for themselves who they can refer to when differing occurs and they agree that whosoever disobeys him is not from them and that he is sinful. Translation by Abu Suhayl Anwar Wright

Appointing a Person as an Amir and Returning to Him When Differing Occurs

Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee Disproves the False Principle: Do not Refute Them Until you Know What They Meant

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ibnhadi[Q]: This questioner says: We have heard those who ascribe to as-Salafiyyah have formed a principle in refuting the innovator, “Do not refute him up until you know what he meant and up until you are a Scholar and so on.”  So what is the response to this?

[A]: I say: As for knowledge being a condition for the refutation, then yes.  You heard about it not too long ago.

As for the statement that you cannot refute someone up until you know what he meant, then this is speech which is in need of further detailed speech.

If his statement is apparently falsehood, then I must ask him about what he meant?!  He is only to be asked about something that is ambiguous.  As for that which is clear falsehood, then it is necessary to refute it.

If you are from those who are fit to refute and you are asked about that, or it has been obligated upon you, such that there is no one else to absolve you of this task, then it is obligatory upon you to clarify.  And we have not been commanded to investigate into the meanings of the people.  We have been commanded to take the people at face value.  The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said,

“I am only a human being, and you people have disputes. May be someone amongst you can present his case in a more eloquent and convincing manner than the other, and I give my judgment in his favour according to what I hear. Beware! If ever I give somebody something of his brother’s right then he should not take it as I have only, given him a piece of Fire…” [1]

And he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to Usaamah Ibn Zayd (radiyallaahu ’anhumaa),

“Did you tear open his heart?”

This was when the man stated that there is no one worthy of worship besides Allaah, but Usaamah killed him, as Usaamah had been standing over him with the sword, so he killed him.  Usaamah replied,

“He only said it as a means of seeking protection.”

The Prophet said,

“Did you tear open his heart?” [2]

So he did not know what was inside the man’s chest and he was not held responsible for it.  He was held responsible for what was apparent.  And ’Umar (radiyallaahu ’anhu), the Leader of the Believers, said, as occurs in al-Bukhaaree,

“During the time of Prophethood, people accepted the Revelation.  As for now, then the Revelation has ceased…”

The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) had died.

“We only take the people at face value.  We bring close and favour the one who manifests goodness in front of us.  And we dismiss and distance ourselves from the one who manifests evil in front of us,” or as he – rahimahullaah – said. [3]

So we have not been commanded to investigate into the intended meanings.  Whosoever has speech that is falsehood, then falsehood must be refuted.  And if he is ignorant and he says, “I meant such and such, but I erred in the expression,” we reply, ‘The praise is for Allaah.  Therefore, you have corrected yourself.  So it is not permissible for anyone, from this point onwards, to follow you in that falsehood now that you are aware of it.’

So now you – O critic – have benefited the people firstly and him (i.e. the speaker of falsehood) secondly.

This speech (i.e. that you cannot refute someone up until you know what he meant) is incorrect.” [4]

Endnotes:

[1]: Related by al-Bukhaaree (no. 2291), Muslim (no. 3237), Aboo Daawood (no. 3115), Ibn Maajah (no. 2310), at-Tirmidhee (no. 1256), an-Nisaa‘ee (no. 5683) and Ahmad in al-Musnad (no. 26016).

[2]: Related by Muslim (no. 140) and Aboo Daawood (no. 26430).

[3]: Related by al-Bukhaaree (no. 2498) and Ahmad in al-Musnad (no. 288).

[4]: Taken from the recorded gathering entitled, “Thawaabit ’Aadoo ilat-Tashkeek feehaa.”

Translation by Maaz Qureshi

The Principle of Testing Individuals by their Love or Hatred of Ahlus-Sunnah is Affirmed in Our Times – Part 3

Benefit: How People are Known:

Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) – rahimahullaah – said in Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (15/330),

Statement of Ibn Taymiyyah from Majmoo'ul-Fataawaa (15/330).
Statement of Ibn Taymiyyah from Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (15/330).

“And knowledge about the conditions of the people comes through the testimonies of people at times and through al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel at times and through testing and trial at times.”

Important Note:

lummBefore moving into the rest of the article, we recommend that the reader peruse, “Testing Individuals by their Love or Hatred of Ahlus-Sunnah,” since it contains several examples of the Salaf speaking about testing people with love for the Scholars of Ahlus-Sunnah and hatred for the heads of innovation. The series of statements from the Salaf was derived mainly from Jamaal Ibn Furayhaan al-Haarithee’s collection, Lammud-Durril-Manthoor, which has received critical acclaim from Scholars such as Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-’Uthaymeen (d.1421H), Saalih Ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan and Saalih Ibn ’Abdul-’Azeez aalush-Shaykh, along with supplementary material from other works. However, this series will deal specifically with applying this principle of Ahlus-Sunnah in our times.

In the third and final part of this series, we present the essay of the noble Scholar, the Imaam of al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel in our times, al-’Allaamah Rabee’ Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee – hafidhahullaah.  So let us move on, in haste, to the words of the Shaykh…

What is the Ruling in Islaam Concerning Testing the People of Desires and Other Than Them?

The Imaam, the Mujaahid, Shaykh Rabee’ Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee – hafidhahullaahu ta’aalaa said,

الحمد لله، والصَّلاة والسَّلام على رسُول الله، وعلى آله وصحبه، ومن اتَّبع هداه

So there is an abundance of speech surrounding the issue of testing the individuals from the people of desires and other than them.  So I saw that it was obligatory to clarify the ruling of Islaam concerning it, relying upon the Qur‘aan and the Sunnah and the positions and statements of the Imaams of Islaam and the Sunnah concerning this affair, so that the Muslim could be upon clear insight and proof about the affair.

As for the Qur‘aan, then Allaah the Exalted said,

O you who have believed, when the believing women come to you as emigrants, examine them. Allaah is most knowing as to their faith. And if you know them to be believers, then do not return them to the disbelievers; they are not lawful (wives) for them, nor are they lawful (husbands) for them.” [Sooratul-Mumtahinah 60:10]

As for the Sunnah, then the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) tested the slave girl.  He said to her, “Where is Allaah?”  She replied, “Above the heavens.”  He said, “Who am I?”  She replied, “You are the Messenger of Allaah.”  So he said to her master, Mu’aawiyah Ibnul-Hakam as-Sulamee, “Free her, since she is a Believer.” [1]

Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) – rahimahullaah – said,

“So when a person wants to accompany a Believer, or a Believer wants to accompany someone, but immorality has been mentioned about him and it is said that he has repented from it, regardless of whether what said was true or false, then he must test the person with that which will make his immorality or righteousness apparent.  Likewise, when he wants to grant someone leadership, he must test him, as ’Umar Ibn ’Abdul-’Azeez commanded his servant to test Ibn Abee Moosaa.  So the servant said to him, “Indeed, you know my status with the Leader of the Believers.  So how much will you give me if I were to suggest you as a leader to him?”  So he gathered a large amount of wealth for him.  So ’Umar knew that he was not fit for leadership.  Likewise is the case with social dealings.  And likewise is the case with servant boys and owners about whom it is known or about whom it has been said that they indulge in immorality.  So when a man wants to buy him, he must test him, since the effeminate male is like the prostitute and his tawbah (repentance) is like her tawbah.  And knowledge about the conditions of the people comes through the testimonies of people at times and through al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel at times and through testing and trial at times.” [2]

So these tests are warranted for the one who does not dispute with the people of truth and he does not ally himself with the people of falsehood.  So what about the people of falsehood themselves and the one who does dispute with the people of truth and he allies himself with the people of falsehood?

And as for the Salafus-Saalih who acted upon the Book and the Sunnah, then they made the test (imtihaan) the gauge by which they distinguished between Ahlus-Sunnah and the people of innovation and desires and between the trustworthy individuals from the narrators of hadeeth and the liars, the heedless and the weak ones.  So from the Imaams from whom the imtihaan has been quoted are:

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Seereen (d.110H) – rahimahullaah,

“Indeed, this knowledge is Religion.  So look from whom you take your Religion.” [3]

And he – rahimahullaah – also said,

“They did not used to ask about the isnaad (chain of narration).  So when the fitnah (trial, tribulation) occurred, they said, ‘Name to us your men.’  So look to Ahlus-Sunnah and take their hadeeth.  And look to the people of innovation and do not take their hadeeth.” [4]

So even though Ahlul-Hadeeth narrated from the people of innovation with conditions, from them was truthfulness, proficient memorization and trustworthiness, but the affair of al-imtihaan did not cease to be utilized by them.  And they did not distinguish between Ahlus-Sunnah and the people of innovation, except by studying the conditions of the men and testing them through the methods that are well known to the people of knowledge.

And al-’Allaamah ’Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Yahyaa al-Mu’allimee (d.1386H) – rahimahullaah – said in his book, ’Ilmur-Rijaal wa Ahammiyyatuhu, whilst he was speaking about al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel,

“Then came the time of the atbaa’ut-taabi’een (i.e. the third righteous generation of Muslims).  So the weak narrators, the heedless ones, the liars and the heretics became abundant.  So the Imaams embarked upon clarifying the conditions of the narrators and declaring the falsity of that which was not confirmed.  So no land remained from the lands of the Muslims, except that there was a group of Imaams therein testing the narrators and trialing their conditions and the conditions of their narrations and following up their movements and their moments of inactivity and openly proclaiming to the people the ruling upon them.” [5]

And he – rahimahullaah – said,

“Ways to test the narrators:

And the Imaams had ways to test the narrators.  From them was looking into the condition of the narrator (raawee) with regards to his safeguarding the acts the obedience and remaining away from disobedience and asking the people who knew him.

Al-Hasan Ibn Saalih Ibn Hayy said, ‘When we wanted to write from a man, we would ask about him up until it would we said, ‘Do you want to marry him off?” [6]

And from the ways of testing is that when he narrates ahaadeeth from a Shaykh who is living, to ask that Shaykh about these ahaadeeth.

And an example of this is the statement of Shu’bah (d.160H) who said, “Al-Hasan Ibn ’Amaarah said: al-Hakam informed me from Yahyaa Ibnul-Jazaar of seven ahaadeeth from ’Alee.  So I asked al-Hakam about those.  So he replied, “I have not heard anything from them.” [7]

And from the ways of testing is when he narrates from a Shaykh who has already died.  So it must be said to the narrator: When were you born?  And when did you meet this Shaykh?  And where did you meet him?  Then compare between his answers and what has been documented about the death of the Shaykh from whom he claims to be narrating and the place of his residence and the histories of his travels.

An example of this is what has come from ’Afeer Ibn Ma’daan that ’Umar Ibn Moosaa Ibn Wujayh narrated from Khaalid Ibn Ma’daan.  ’Afeer said, ‘So I said to him, “In which year did you meet him?”  He replied, “In the year 158H, during the military expeditions to Armenia.”  I said, “Fear Allaah O Shaykh!  Do not lie.  Khaalid died in the year 154H. [8] I say to you additionally that he did not travel in a military expedition to Armenia.” [9]

And from the ways is to listen to the narrator of ahaadeeth from mashaayikh who have died.  And then present these ahaadeeth to the trustworthy narrators who narrate from these mashaayikh.  Then look to see if this narrator differs individually with something from their narrations, or opposes them, or adds onto them or omits something from them.  So you will find them saying in the books of al-Jarh (disparagement, criticism), “He differed individually from the trustworthy narrators.” And, “There are manaakeer (rejected narrations) in his hadeeth.”  And, “He errs and mixes up narrations,” and the likes of that. [10]

Imaam Ahmad Ibn ’Abdullaah Ibn Yoonus (d.227H) – rahimahullaah – said,

“Test the people of al-Mawsil with Mu’aafaa Ibn ’Imraan.  So if they love him, then they are Ahlus-Sunnah and if they hate him, then they are people of innovation.  Likewise, test the people of al-Koofah with Yahyaa.” [11]

Imaam Nu’aym Ibn Hammaad (d.228H) – rahimahullaah – said,

“When you see a person from al-’Iraaq speaking about Ahmad, then doubt his Religion.  And if you see a person from al-Khurasaan speaking about Ishaaq Ibn Raahawayh (d.238H), then doubt his Religion.  And if you see a person from al-Basrah speaking about Wahb Ibn Jareer, then doubt his Religion.” [12]

And Ja’far Ibn Abee ’Uthmaan at-Tiyaalisee said: I heard Yahyaa Ibn Ma’een (d.233H) – rahimahullaah – saying,

“When you see a man speaking about Hammaad Ibn Salamah (d.167H) and ’Ikrimah (d.13H) the freed slave of Ibn ’Abbaas (radiyallaahu ’anhumaa), then doubt his Islaam.” [13]

And Imaam ’Alee Ibnul-Madeenee (d.234H) – rahimahullaah – said in his ’aqeedah,

“And if you see a man loving Aboo Hurayrah (radiyallaahu ’anhu) and supplicating for him and asking Allaah to have mercy upon him, then have hope for him to attain goodness and know that he is absolved from innovations.  And if you see a man loving ’Umar Ibn ’Abdul-’Azeez (d.101H) and mentioning his good qualities and spreading them, then know that this will lead to goodness if Allaah so wills.  And when you see a man from the people of al-Basrah relying upon Ayyoob as-Sakhtiyaanee (d.131H) and Ibn ’Awn (d.151H) and Yoonus and at-Taymee and loving them and mentioning their good qualities often and taking them as examples, then have hope that he will attain goodness.  Then after those ones came Hammaad Ibn Salamah and Mu’aadh Ibn Mu’aadh and Wahb Ibn Jareer.  So these ones are a trial for the people of innovation.  And when you see a man from the people of al-Koofah relying upon Talhah Ibn Musrif and Ibn Abjar and Ibn Hayyaan at-Taymee and Maalik Ibn Maghool and Sufyaan Ibn Sa’eed ath-Thawree (d.167H) and Zaa‘idah, then have hope for him.  And after them came ’Abdullaah Ibn Idrees and Muhammad Ibn ’Ubayd and Ibn Abee ’Utbah and al-Muhaaribee, so have hope for the one who praises them.” [14]

And Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (d.241H) – rahimahullaah – said,

“When you see a man defaming Hammaad Ibn Salamah, then doubt his Islaam.” [15]

And Imaam al-Bukhaaree (d.256H) – rahimahullaah – said,

“’Ubaydullaah Ibn Sa’eed said: I heard ’Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Mahdee (d.198H) saying after mentioning a hadeeth, “And when you see a man from al-Koofah mentioning Maalik Ibn Maghool, then trust him.” [16]

And Imaam Aboo Haatim ar-Raazee (d.277H) – rahimahullaah – said,

“When you see a Raazee and other than him hating Abaa Zur’ah (d.264H), then know that he is an innovator.” [17]

And Imaam Ahmad Ibn Asram Ibn Khuzaymah al-Maghfalee (d.285H) – rahimahullaah – said,

“When you see a man from al-Anbaar loving Abaa Ja’far al-Hidhaa‘ and Muthannaa Ibn Jaami’ al-Anbaaree, then know that he is a person of Sunnah.” [18]

And Imaam ’Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Mahdee (d.198H) – rahimahullaah – said,

“When you see a man from the Hijaaz, loving Maalik Ibn Anas (d.179H), then he is a person of Sunnah,” and he said in the narration of Muhammad Ibn Muslim, “When you see a man from al-Madeenah loving Maalik…” [19]

And Aswad Ibn Saalim – rahimahullaah – said,

“Ibnul-Mubaarak was an Imaam to be followed.  He was from the most steadfast of the people upon the Sunnah.  When you see a man slandering Ibnul-Mubaarak (d.181H) with something, then doubt his Islaam.” [20]

And Aboo Muhammad Ibn Abee Haatim ar-Raazee (d.327H) – rahimahullaah – said,

“Chapter: The one who loves Hammaad Ibn Zayd (d.179H) is worthy of the Sunnah.  Ubayy and Muhammad Ibn Muslim Ibn Muslim narrated to us saying: We heard Hammaad Ibn Zaadaan saying: I heard ’Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Mahdee saying: When you see a man from al-Basrah loving Hammaad Ibn Zayd, then he is a person of Sunnah.” [21]

And he – rahimahullaah – also said,

“Chapter: A person who passes the trial of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal is worthy of the Sunnah.  Ahmad Ibn Qaasim Ibn ’Atiyyah related to us saying: I heard ’Abdullaah Ibn Ahmad Ibn Shabawayh al-Marwazee saying: I heard Abaa Rajaa‘ – meaning Qutaybah Ibn Sa’eed (d.240H) – saying: When you see a man loving Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, then know that he is a person of Sunnah and Jamaa’ah…”

And he said: I heard Abaa Ja’far Muhammad Ibn Haaroon al-Makhramee, commonly known as al-Falaas, saying,

“When you see a man finding fault with Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (d.241H), then know that he is a misguided innovator.” [22]

And he – rahimahullaah – also said,

“Chapter what is hoped from goodness for the one who loves al-Awzaa’ee (d.157H).  Saalih Ibn Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (d.266H) related to us: Ibnul-Madeenee related to us saying: I heard ’Abdur-Rahmaan – meaning Ibn Mahdee – saying: When you see a man from ash-Shaam loving al-Awzaa’ee and Abaa Ishaaq al-Fazaaree, then have hope that he will attain goodness.”

And he said,

“My father related to us: Aboo Ziyaad Hammaad Ibn Zaadaan related to us saying: I heard ’Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Mahdee saying: When you see a man from ash-Shaam loving al-Awzaa’ee and Abaa Ishaaq al-Fazaaree, then he is a person of Sunnah.” [23]

And he – rahimahullaah – also said,

“Chapter: The one who loves Abee Ishaaq al-Fazaaree is worthy of the Sunnah.  My father related to me saying: I heard Hammaad Ibn Zaadaan saying: I heard ’Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Mahdee saying: When you see a man from ash-Shaam loving al-Awzaa’ee and Abaa Ishaaq al-Fazaaree, then he is a person of Sunnah.”

Ahmad Ibn Salamah an-Naysaabooree related to us: Aboo Qudaamah ’Ubaydullaah Ibn Sa’eed related to us saying: I heard ’Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Mahdee saying: When you see a man from ash-Shaam mentioning al-Awzaa’ee and al-Fazaaree – meaning, with goodness – then trust him.” [24]

And Aboo Ahmad al-Haakim (d.378H) – rahimahullaah – said,

“And when you see a man loving Sufyaan ath-Thawree and Maalik Ibn Anas and Ayyoob as-Sakhtiyaanee and ’Abdullaah Ibn ’Awn and Yoonus Ibn ’Ubayd (d.139H) and Sulaymaan at-Taymee and Shareek (d.177H) and Abul-Ahwas and al-Fudayl Ibn ’Iyaad (d.187H) and Sufyaan Ibn ’Uyaynah (d.197H) and al-Layth Ibn Sa’d (d.175H) and Ibnul-Mubaarak and Wakee’ Ibnul-Jarraah (d.197H) and Yahyaa Ibn Sa’eed (d.198H) and ’Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Mahdee and Yahyaa Ibn Yahyaa and Ahmad Ibn Hanbal and Ishaaq Ibn Raahawayh, then know that he is upon the path.  And when you see a man saying these individuals are doubtful, then be wary of him, since is not upon the path.” [25]

And Aboo ’Abdullaah Ibn Battah (d.387H) – rahimahullaah – said,

“When you see a man from al-’Ukbar loving Abaa Hafs Ibn Rajaa‘, then know that he is a person of Sunnah.” [26]

And he also said,

“When you see a man from al-Baghdaad loving Abul-Hasan Ibn Bashaar and Abaa Muhammad al-Barbahaaree (d.329H), then know that he is a person of Sunnah.” [27]

And Muhammad Ibn ’Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Mahdee – rahimahullaah – said,

“Al-Awzaa’ee and al-Fazaaree were two Imaams of the Sunnah.  When you see a man from ash-Shaam mentioning al-Awzaa’ee and al-Fazaaree, then trust him.  They were Imaams of the Sunnah.” [28]

And Abul-Husayn Muhammad Ibn Ibraaheem Ibn Shu’ayb al-Ghaazee at-Tabaree – rahimahullaah – said,

“When you see a Raazee and a Khuraasaanee loving Abaa Haatim and Abaa Zur’ah, then know that he is a person of Sunnah.” [29] [30]

So this is a widely accepted manhaj and a well-known truth.  And it is widespread amongst Ahlus-Sunnah and it is an unsheathed sword against the people of innovation.  And from the signs of the people of innovation is that they reject it and they find fault with Ahlus-Sunnah and revile them for it.  So when you hear a man finding fault with Ahlus-Sunnah, then know that he is from the people of desires and innovation, except if he is ignorant.  So in that case, teach him and clarify to him that this imtihaan (test) for the people of desires is an affair that is legislated by the Sharee’ah and it is proven by the Book and the Sunnah and the deeds of the Salaf.  No one is troubled by it and condemns it, except the people of innovation, because it disgraces them and it lays bare whatever they conceal from innovations.

وصلَّى اللهُ على نَبيِّنا محمَّدٍ، وعلى آله وصحبه وسلّم

Written by,
Rabee’ Ibn Haadee ’Umayr al-Madkhalee
8/25/1433H

Endnotes:

[1]: Related by Muslim (no. 537) and Ahmad in al-Musnad (5/447).

[2]: Refer to Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (15/329-330) of Ibn Taymiyyah.

[3]: Refer to Muqaddimah Saheeh Muslim (p. 14).

[4]: Refer to Muqaddimah Saheeh Muslim (p. 15).

[5]: Refer to ’Ilmur-Rijaal wa Ahammiyyatuhu (p. 20) of al-Mu’allimee.

[6]: Refer to al-Kifaayah (p. 155) of al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee.

[7]: Refer to Taareekh Baghdaad (8/326) of al-Khateeb, with the checking of Dr. Bashaar ’Awaad Ma’roof.

[8]: The correct view is that Khaalid died in the year 104H, as has been related by al-’Uqaylee in ad-Du’afaa‘ (3/191).  And refer to al-Meezaan (3/225) of adh-Dhahabee.

[9]: Refer to ad-Du’afaa‘ (3/191) of al-’Uqaylee and al-Meezaan (3/225) of adh-Dhahabee.

[10]: Refer to ’Ilmur-Rijaal wa Ahammiyyatuhu (p. 22-24) of al-Mu’allimee.

[11]: Refer to Sharh Usool I’tiqaad Ahlus-Sunnah (1/74) of al-Laalikaa‘ee.

[12]: Refer to Taareekh Baghdaad (6/348-349) of al-Khateeb and Siyar A’laamun-Nubalaa‘ (11/381) of adh-Dhahabee and Tahdheebut-Tahdheeb (1/191) of Ibn Hajr.

[13]: Refer to Sharh Usool I’tiqaad Ahlus-Sunnah (3/568) of al-Laalikaa‘ee.

[14]: Refer to Sharh Usool I’tiqaad Ahlus-Sunnah (1/191-192) of al-Laalikaa‘ee.

[15]: Refer to Tadhkiratul-Huffaadh (1/203) of adh-Dhahabee.

[16]: Refer to at-Taareekhul-Kabeer (7/314) of al-Bukhaaree.

[17]: Refer to Taareekh Baghdaad (10/329) of al-Khateeb.

[18]: Refer to Taareekh Baghdaad (13/174) of al-Khateeb.

[19]: Refer to al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel (1/25) of Ibn Abee Haatim ar-Raazee.

[20]: Refer to Taareekh Baghdaad (10/168) of al-Khateeb.

[21]: Refer to al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel (1/183) of Ibn Abee Haatim.

[22]: Refer to al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel (1/308-309) of Ibn Abee Haatim.

[23]: Refer to al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel (1/217) of Ibn Abee Haatim.

[24]: Refer to al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel (1/284-285) of Ibn Abee Haatim.

[25]: Refer to Shi’aar Ashaabil-Hadeeth (p. 32-33) of al-Haakim.

[26]: Refer to Taareekh Baghdaad (11/239) of al-Khateeb.

[27]: Refer to Taareekh Baghdaad (12/67) of al-Khateeb.

[28]: Refer to Hilyatul-Awliyaa‘ (8/254) of Aboo Nu’aym al-Asbahaanee.

[29]: Refer to Tahdheebul-Kamaal (24/389) of al-Mizzee.

[30]: Refer to Ta‘ammulaat fee Kitaab Rifqan Ahlas-Sunnah bi Ahlis-Sunnah (p. 109-114) of al-’Awfee.

Translation by Maaz Qureshi

A Clarification of the Errors and Bias Present In al-Nasīhah of Ibrāhīm al-Ruhaylī Part 1 – Shaykh Rabi’ Ibn Hadi al-Madkhali

Shaykh Rabee's Refutation of ar-Ruhaylee's Treatise
Shaykh Rabee’s Refutation of ar-Ruhaylee’s Treatise

We present here an authorized series of translations of Shaykh Rabee’s recent criticism of the treatise, al-Naseeḥah feemaa Yajibu Muraa’aatuhu indal-Ikhtilaaf wa Dawaabit Hajr al-Mukhaalif war-Radd ʿalayhi of Dr. Ibraaheem Ibn ’Aamir ar-Ruhaylee.  Keep watching this space for more updates.

Excerpt from Shaykh Rabee’:

“Dr. Ibraaheem Ibn ‘Aamir al-Ruhaylee attempted to treat this great fitnah (trial, tribulation) in his treatise that he entitled, ‘al-Naseehah feemaa Yajibu Muraa’aattuhu ‘indal-Ikhtilaaf wa Dawaabitt Hajr al-Mukhaalif war-Radd ‘alayhi.’ However, he failed in this endeavor and blundered this attempt, as his advice was not clear at all. He did not differentiate between the oppressors and the oppressed and he did not clarify the good from the bad, despite his numerous guidelines, which only benefit the oppressor who is in opposition to the truth, the one who is actually responsible for flaming the light of this fitnah that Dr. Ibraaheem is attempting to remedy.”

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 | Part 7